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Sabbath School Lessons on Isaiah
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About the Author
Bruce N. Cameron, J.D.
is the author of these Sabbath School lesson study outlines. He is the Reed Larson Professor of Labor Law at Regent University School of Law. Professor Cameron has devoted his life to promoting the Gospel and defending believers. In addition to teaching at an overtly Christian law school, he continues his 37 year practice of law which is limited to the litigation of constitutional rights and religious freedom cases for employees. He holds an undergraduate degree from Andrews University and a Doctor of Law from Emory University School of Law.
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Lesson 11: Waging Love *
Introduction: What does God expect of you when dealing with others?
Is it possible to attend church each week, know the Bible, and yet
utterly fail to follow God as a practical matter? How do we "wage
love" in our everyday life? Is "tough love" a way to wage love? Let's
jump into our lesson and find out what Isaiah has to say!
- Hollow Eagerness
- Read Isaiah 58:1. God has a message for the people. Is it
a good or bad message? (Bad. The message is that the
people are rebels and sinners.)
- Read Isaiah 58:2. How would you seek out God? What would
you do if you were eager to know about God? (This seems to
say that these people were Bible readers. They wanted to
learn more about God.)
- Did these people want to follow God? (Verse 2 tells
us that they wanted God to make decisions in their
- How can those who are eager to learn about God, those
who are anxious to have God be the decision maker in
their lives, also be rebels?
- What do you think is the reason why these people are
failing to properly follow God? (Verse 2 repeats the
phrase, "seem eager.")
- Works that Matter
- Read Isaiah 58:3. What do you think of people who do good
works to be seen?
- What if they do good works for God to see?
- What problem do we begin to see with these people?
(It is obvious that they are not following God, for
they "do as [they] please." Their "eagerness" to
follow God turns out to be twisted into an eagerness
to do what they want.)
- What is wrong with exploiting your employees?
- Compare the idea in verse 2 (that the people
seek just decisions from God) with the verse 3
information (that they are unjust with their
- Read Isaiah 58:4. Now that you know these people exploit
those within their control, and quarrel and fight, look
again at the statements in verse 2 that they were eager to
know God and they did what was right. How can all of these
statements be true? (Notice that verse 2 says they "seem
eager ... as if they were a nation that does what is
right." This is only the appearance of being eager.
Although these people are seeking God out, the lessons
they learn are not applied to the important matters of
- How would you describe these people? (Insincere. What
they know about God is not making any difference in
- How about you - has your knowledge of the Bible
changed how you live?
- Read Isaiah 58:5. What kind of fast are these people
giving to God?
- Read Isaiah 58:6. What kind of fast does God want from us?
- Let's be practical a minute here. After all, it seems
that these verses are asking us to be more practical
and less theological. What can you personally do to
stop injustice and oppression?
- Read Isaiah 58:7. Are these practical ways to fight
injustice and oppression?
- Notice the link between fasting and helping the
hungry. Fasting is denying yourself food. God says
that fasting (not consuming food) should have a
practical application: giving food to those who are
hungry. Is your church involved in practical
- Just because a person is hungry and homeless, is it
justice to help them?
- Would it be justice sometimes not to help them?
- What about this idea of "tough love?" Is it love
to withhold help at times?
- Let's skip down and read Isaiah 58:10, a parallel text. If
you read Isaiah 58:7 and 10, what is our obligation to the
- Are there any limitations on this? Do these verses
make any provision for "tough love?" (Recall that
verse 6 links our help to the needy with "justice"
and breaking the yoke of oppression.)
- Read 1 Timothy 5:3-13. The Bible consistently mentions
widows for our special attention and help. Yet Paul writes
that only worthy widows should be helped by the church.
How can you reconcile Paul's "tough love" advice to
Timothy with Isaiah's statements about fighting injustice
and oppression by helping the hungry? (I have not been
able to completely reconcile these two in my mind. Isaiah
says "help the hungry," and Paul says, "Wait a minute,
spend your resources on those who merit help." The common
link between the two is the goal of being just. A recent
report by Rector and Johnson entitled "Understanding
Poverty in America," published in Insider (Heritage
Foundation), disclosed that for 25 years there was no net
change in the poverty rate of children of single-mother
families. In 1996, welfare reform required these mothers
to either prepare for work or get a job as a condition of
receiving state aid. The results were dramatic. The
poverty rate for these children fell from 53.1% in 1995 to
39.8% in 2001. Instead of being idle (1 Tim. 5:13), these
mothers went to work and brought their children out of
poverty. Isaiah wrote of hunger, and hunger is generally
not a problem for the poor in the United States. This same
report revealed that 47.3% of poor adult women in the U.S.
were overweight while only 32% of non-poor women were
overweight. Obesity for U.S. women is positively linked to
poverty. We need to put our Christian beliefs into
practical action and we need to be "just" in doing it.)
- Let's continue with Isaiah. Read Isaiah 58:8-9a. After
telling us to help the hungry and the poor, Isaiah tells
us what to expect. What should we expect? (That God will
help us when we have needs.)
- Do you want God to help you only when you are
- If you believe in "tough love" and that only the
"worthy poor" should be helped, are you willing to
have that same standard applied to you?
- What if you are suffering from heart problems
because you were not careful about diet and
exercise? Should you refrain from asking God for
help to heal your heart?
- Read Isaiah 58:9b-10. We already read verse 10. What other
practical problem of every day life does God ask us to
avoid? ("The pointing finger and malicious talk.")
- How are "pointing fingers" and malicious talk a "yoke
of oppression?" (People can easily be oppressed by
words and gossip.)
- What does it mean that our "night will become like
the noonday?" (It means that good and glorious things
will happen as a result of our practical
- Read Isaiah 58:11. What will happen to us if we avoid
malicious talk, help the oppressed, fight injustice and
help the poor and hungry?
- By helping others do we help ourselves? (That seems
to be Isaiah's precise point.)
- Sabbath Matters
- Read Isaiah 58:13. This is a real relief. The only parts
of my body that I need to be careful about on the Sabbath
are my feet! Is that what this text means? ("Your feet"
relates to the later phrase "going your own way." It is
not speaking literally about your feet, but rather the
course of your actions on Sabbath.)
- How is it possible to call the Sabbath "a delight"
and at the same time refrain from doing what pleases
you? (Isaiah is not saying we should not do anything
that brings pleasure to us. He means "doing anything
you please." Our behavior on Sabbath should please
God. The goal is to delight in doing what pleases
- Are our "Sabbath words" important? (Verse 13 tells us
to avoid "speaking idle words.")
- Read Isaiah 58:14. We tend to say, "I'm justified by
faith, and therefore I no longer need to be especially
careful about the Sabbath." Is salvation the goal of
proper Sabbath-keeping? (Proper Sabbath-keeping brings joy
and blessings. We look too narrowly when we say, "Well,
this is not necessary for salvation.")
- Recall that this chapter has been about practical
Christianity. How is proper Sabbath keeping part of
- Friend, how would you evaluate your Christian life? Are
you all theory with no practical application? Is your
Christian walk only superficial? Does your eagerness to
follow God somehow morph into an eagerness to do only what
you please? If so, you are missing real blessings!
- Next week: Desire of Nations.
* Copr. 2004, Bruce N. Cameron, J.D. All scripture references are to the New International Version (NIV), copr. 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society, unless otherwise noted. Quotations from the NIV are used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers. Suggested answers are found within parentheses. The lesson assumes the teacher uses a blackboard or some other visual aid.