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Sabbath School Lessons on The Role of the Church in the Community
About the Author
Bruce N. Cameron, J.D.
is the author of these Sabbath School lesson study outlines. He is the Reed Larson Professor of Labor Law at Regent University School of Law. Professor Cameron has devoted his life to promoting the Gospel and defending believers. In addition to teaching at an overtly Christian law school, he continues his 41 year practice of law which is limited to the litigation of constitutional rights and religious freedom cases for employees. He holds an undergraduate degree from Andrews University and a Doctor of Law from Emory University School of Law.
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Lesson 5: Jesus on Community Outreach *
Introduction: Recently, I read an article suggesting local churches
should discover the needs of the community (in that case a problem
with drug abuse), and then focus on helping the community with its
problem, instead of focusing on weekly worship. From time to time I
hear the idea that the local church should make a difference in the
community in some practical way. This article, however, went beyond
that and seemed to suggest that combating drug abuse in the community
was more important than weekly worship. As always, we need to see
what the Bible says about the best way to reach out to the community.
Let's plunge into our study of the Bible and learn more!
- Outreach in the Church
- Read Luke 4:14-15. Who is leading Jesus? (The text
specifically says that the Holy Spirit is working
powerfully in Jesus.)
- Is Jesus out in the community doing community
service? (This says that Jesus is teaching in the
synagogues. He is going to the places where people
- Read Luke 4:16. What is Jesus' custom regarding weekly
worship? (He attends the worship service every week. The
idea that weekly worship is unimportant is inconsistent
with the practice of Jesus.)
- Read Acts 14:1. What is the practice of Paul and Barnabas
in their missionary activities? (To speak to those who
have gathered to worship each week.)
- Read Luke 4:17-19. What has Isaiah prophesied will be
Jesus' work? (To preach good news, proclaim freedom, help
the blind see, release the oppressed, and proclaim God's
- Do you think Isaiah means the financially poor,
actual prisoners, and people who are literally blind?
(No. The good news is the gospel. It goes to people
who are poor because they do not know about the
gospel, people who are chained in sin and blinded by
the ways of the world.)
- How does this description of Jesus' task apply to the
idea that we should abandon church services to help
fix the community drug abuse problem? (The article
that I mentioned in the introduction seemed to argue
that fighting drug abuse would bring attention to the
gospel. This has things backwards. It is the gospel
that releases people from addictions. Besides, what
do church members know about treating drug
addictions? Hopefully, church members know the
- Read Luke 4:20-21. What is Jesus telling those who have
showed up to worship? (That He is the Messiah!)
- Is that still our primary gospel message?
- Outreach Away From Church
- Read Matthew 10:5-11. Here we have an illustration of
going into the community to share the gospel. Notice a
couple of odd things. First, Jesus does not give His
disciples any money or other physical resources. Second,
Jesus tells them to stay at the home of a "worthy" person.
What lesson is Jesus teaching them (and us)? (Those
hearing the gospel should pay for it. The disciples should
stay in the home of a person who wants them there.)
- How does this compare this with the way your church
does community outreach?
- In many of the evangelistic programs I've assisted,
we did not take an offering from the visitors.
Instead, we gave them Bibles and other gifts for
attendance. Is this how we should be doing things?
- Read Matthew 10:12-15. When you have an evangelistic
outreach to the community, do you pester people to come to
the meetings, and after they come keep calling them to
persuade them to come to church? Is that consistent with
what Jesus describes?
- If you were to pattern an evangelistic program after the
instructions of Jesus, what would you do? (You would only
look for willing listeners, and you would make them pay
for the outreach. The church would put none of its
financial resources into the effort, and no one would
chase unwilling listeners.)
- How do you think that would work? (You are probably
saying, "That would not work! No one would come.)
- Let's read Matthew 10:16. Jesus suggests this is the
"shrewd" approach! How can we say it will not work?
- Let's go back and see if we are missing something. Re-read
Matthew 10:8. What do these activities provide? (A motive
to come and listen! Putting the article I mentioned in the
introduction in the best light, the idea of chasing down
addicts and helping them would give them (and others) a
motive to listen to the gospel. If someone was healing the
sick, raising the dead, curing dread diseases and driving
out demons, you would want to learn more about that,
- How can we make our evangelistic meetings appealing?
Are we stuck with bribing people to come and chasing
them down since we are not healing the sick or
raising the dead?
- Re-read Matthew 10:7. What is the specific message that
Jesus commands for outreach? (That He has come.)
- Would that be the same message today? Or, would it be
better to preach that Jesus is coming again?
- Read Luke 10:27. What is the reason for Jesus telling His
disciples to heal the sick, raise the dead, heal diseases
and drive out demons? (Love.)
- Re-read Matthew 10:14-15. When we chase after people,
is it because we love them? Why does Jesus say "Give
them a chance, and then move on." (I have no doubt
that helping people in the community and chasing
people with the gospel, reflects love. But, we all
know that good intentions can have bad results. I
suggest that the gospel is great and valuable news.
When we chase and pester people with it we degrade
the good news. We make it seem like it is something
of little value. Thus, we have to pester you and
bribe you to try to get you to accept this
information. That is not shrewd.)
- Hopefully, these questions are making you think more
clearly about community outreach. If you look at Jesus'
instructions as a pattern for outreach today, and you are
not raising the dead or healing the sick, how would you
follow Jesus' pattern? (We must give the people a reason
for them to want to come. Paying them or chasing them is
not the right answer. Why not pray that God will send His
Spirit to either perform miracles in your congregation or
show you what it is that will attract your community (both
pagan and Christian).
- Gospel Procedures
- Read Matthew 13:1-9. What do you think this means?
- Read Matthew 13:18-23. What does Jesus say it means?
- Look again at Matthew 13:19. What is being sown?
("The Message of the Kingdom!" This is a parable
about evangelism. It is a parable about community
- Study Jesus' interpretation and tell me where you
would want to concentrate your gospel message? (We
want to focus on sharing the gospel with those who
"hear the word and understand it.")
- If you look at the categories of community listeners,
only one does not understand the word. The rest hear
and understand, but they lack "root," or face
trouble, or have worries, or are deceived by their
wealth. What part of this can you, the gospel farmer,
control? (Only making the gospel understandable. On
this note, give (sell?) your listeners the easiest
Bible to understand!)
- If we, as gospel farmers, can only control whether we
make our message easy to understand, what does this
say about the strategy we should use in sharing the
gospel with people who have no "root" or have other
troubles that distract them? (We need to do the same
thing as the farmer, share our message with everyone
because the only factor we can control is whether we
make it easy to understand.)
- Friend, how are you doing community outreach? How is your
church doing evangelism? Will you re-examine what you are
doing and ask the Holy Spirit to guide you to follow a
Biblical approach to sharing the good news of the gospel?
- Next week: Jesus Mingled with People.
* Copr. 2016, Bruce N. Cameron, J.D. All scripture references are to the New International Version (NIV), copr. 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society, unless otherwise noted. Quotations from the NIV are used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers. Suggested answers are found within parentheses. The lesson assumes the teacher uses a blackboard or some other visual aid.