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Sabbath School Lessons on Discipleship
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Bruce N. Cameron, J.D.
is the author of these Sabbath School lesson study outlines. He is the Reed Larson Professor of Labor Law at Regent University School of Law. Professor Cameron has devoted his life to promoting the Gospel and defending believers. In addition to teaching at an overtly Christian law school, he continues his 41 year practice of law which is limited to the litigation of constitutional rights and religious freedom cases for employees. He holds an undergraduate degree from Andrews University and a Doctor of Law from Emory University School of Law.
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Lesson 7: Jesus and the Social Outcasts *
Introduction: Recently, I heard of a Christian singer who walked out
of the Grammy Awards. I said to myself, "Good for her." I had watched
part of the show and was unhappy that instead of sticking to music,
some of the participants chose to promote evil. This past Sabbath my
pastor pointed to what this Christian singer had done and asked,
"What would Jesus have done?" I thought, "I need to reconsider my
prior attitude." One way I decide what I should do is to ask myself,
"Will this promote evil or will this promote the Kingdom of God?"
This Christian singer took a stand by saying that she would not be a
part of the promotion of evil. On the other hand, Jesus seemed to
constantly be hanging around with evil-doers. Let's dive into our
study of the Bible and see what lessons we can learn!
- Gathering Evil
- Read Luke 15:1-2. Would you like sinners to come to your
church to hear the gospel?
- What point do you think the religious leaders were
making? (They were concerned that Jesus was promoting
sin by associating with sinners. Those gathering
around were social outcasts.)
- Were the religious leaders concerned about status or
- Aside from the regular members, do sinners flock to
your church? What about social outcasts?
- Do we have a problem if sinners or social outcasts do
not gather at our church to hear the gospel? Is the
problem that we have the attitude of the religious
leaders in this story?
- Read Luke 15:3-7. Jesus tells this story to illustrate why
it is good for sinners and tax collectors to come to hear
the gospel. What is Jesus' point? (The unrighteous need to
be converted, not the righteous. How can you convert the
unrighteous unless you seek them?)
- Does this answer the question about what the
Christian singer should have done at the Grammy
- What if sinners held a meeting to celebrate
sin, and a Christian came to hear them? Have
we reversed the facts of Jesus' sheep story?
- If we have, should this change our conclusion?
- Read 1 Corinthians 5:9-10. What does Paul say about
associating with sinners? (If we live in the world we must
associate with pagans.)
- Read 1 Corinthians 5:11. What standard does Paul apply to
the issue of associating with sinners? (He says don't
associate with sinners who claim to be Christians.)
- Wait a minute! Everyone in my church is a sinner
(including me)! What is Paul's point? (Paul's
concern is about harming the gospel. If you make no
pretense about God, then I can associate with you.
But, if you say you are promoting God, but you
promote Satan instead, then I should not associate
- Read 1 Corinthians 5:12-13. Why expel the sinner? Doesn't
the sinner need to be in church? Why should we expel one
sinner when we are encouraging other sinners to attend
church? (The only thing that makes sense to me is to ask,
"What is this person doing to the church and to the
gospel?" The sinners who came to Jesus wanted to learn
something better. They wanted to change. The sinner in
the church who promotes sin, who wants to lead people away
from the gospel, needs to be tossed out.)
- Let's revisit our Christian singer at the Grammy Awards.
Now what do you think she should have done? (Clearly the
Grammy Awards represent "the people of the world" and not
the church. Paul says that we should expect them to
- What about the principle that we should expel from
church those who promote evil? The idea is that
Christians should not promote evil, and therefore
this Christian singer could say, "My influence here
promotes evil - because people will say I approve of
- I'm still uncertain about the right answer here. Let's
turn next to several stories about Jesus to see if we can
sharpen our thinking!
- Tax Collectors Ahead
- Read Matthew 21:28-30. Which son did what his father
- Read Matthew 21:31-32. Jesus asks the same question I just
asked you. How do you think Jesus answers this question?
(Jesus agrees that performance is more important than
- How are tax collectors and prostitutes doing "what
the father wanted?" If performance is what our Father
in heaven wants, how can Jesus equate prostitutes
with the son who agreed to work? (Look again at
Matthew 21:29 and Matthew 21:32. We see that the good
son "changed his mind." The tax collectors and
prostitutes "repent and believe.")
- Read Matthew 21:33-39 and Matthew 21:45. The religious
leaders know that Jesus is talking about them! What kind
of attitude do they have towards Jesus? (They are hostile.
They want to kill Him.)
- Let's put these two stories together. What is the complete
picture of the tax collectors, tenants, prostitutes and
religious leaders? (The religious leaders say the right
words, but they are hostile to Jesus. They do not believe
or repent. The tax collectors and prostitutes used to say
and do the wrong thing, but they change their mind, repent
and obey God.)
- What kind of tax collectors and prostitutes should we
voluntarily associate with? (Those who seek truth, who are
not hostile to the gospel.)
- What kind of sinners should we not voluntarily associate
with? (Those who say they are following the truth, but who
are hostile to the gospel.)
- One more time, the Grammy Awards! Did the Christian gospel
singer do the right thing? (Considering the texts we have
read, I think the answer is "yes." It is true that she was
in the world, and not in the church, but she was in the
middle of a program where some of the participants were
making the argument that sin is morally right. They were
evangelizing for sin!)
- Discerning Hostility
- Read Mark 5:1-5. Is this fellow dangerous? How would you
like him living in your neighborhood?
- Read Mark 5:6. Don't miss this, "from a distance, he ran"
towards Jesus. How would you feel if he was running
directly towards you?
- We discussed pagans who are hostile to the gospel as
opposed to those who are coming to hear the gospel.
Our conclusion was that we should resist those who
are hostile. How would you classify this fellow when
he was in the running phase? (Not just hostile, but
incredibly dangerous! We might have to reconsider our
- Read Mark 5:7. Now that you hear what this man says, would
consider him hostile? (He acknowledges who Jesus is, and
asks Jesus not to hurt him!)
- What does the contrast between the man's actions and
his words teach us? (We need to be careful about who
we classify as being hostile.)
- Read Mark 5:8-12. What is the problem with this fellow?
(He is demon-possessed.)
- Are the enemies of the gospel demon-possessed?
- Read Mark 5:18-20. What does this teach us about the
possibility for people who seem hostile to the gospel?
(Leaving to one side the question of whether they are
involuntarily or voluntarily in tune with Satan, this
shows the great potential for someone who leaves Satan's
- Simple Outcasts
- Read John 4:7-9. What was the obvious social differences
between Jesus and this woman? (She was both a Samaritan (a
Jew of mixed blood) and she was a woman.)
- Is she hostile to Jesus? (Somewhat.)
- Read John 4:13-18. It is odd that this woman comes to the
well by herself. Her background tells us why - she was a
moral outcast. She is not just a Samaritan and a woman,
but she is even rejected by Samaritan women! What is the
lesson for us? (The gospel is for everyone. No one is too
- Friend, we need to be aware of our influence, and we need
to be alert to the adverse influence of sinners in the
church. However, the stories of Jesus' life show us that
we are here to save everyone. No one is unworthy of the
gospel. Will you put this into action in your life?
- Next week: With the Rich and Famous.
* Copr. 2014, Bruce N. Cameron, J.D. All scripture references are to the New International Version (NIV), copr. 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society, unless otherwise noted. Quotations from the NIV are used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers. Suggested answers are found within parentheses. The lesson assumes the teacher uses a blackboard or some other visual aid.