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Bruce N. Cameron, J.D.
is the author of these Sabbath School lesson study outlines. He is the Reed Larson Professor of Labor Law at Regent University School of Law. Professor Cameron has devoted his life to promoting the Gospel and defending believers. In addition to teaching at an overtly Christian law school, he continues his 38 year practice of law which is limited to the litigation of constitutional rights and religious freedom cases for employees. He holds an undergraduate degree from Andrews University and a Doctor of Law from Emory University School of Law.
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Lesson 12: Selfless Service *
Introduction: "Selfless service." Does this idea make you shudder or
does it give you a feeling of satisfaction or freedom? If the goal of
life is simply to serve others, then (to continue a theme from last
week) the guy who drives the $700 mini-van may be better than the guy
who drives the new BMW 7 series, right? Hold on just a minute! If
the goal is to serve others, should we even ask "Who is better?" How
do we fit ambition and hard work into this picture? Who should we
help? Only the worthy? Let's jump into the Bible and find out!
- The Farmer and the King
- Read Matthew 20:1-5a. What did the farmer offer to pay the
people who started working late - at the third hour?
(Whatever was right.)
- Would it be right to pay them the same as those who
had already been working for three hours?
- Read Matthew 20:5b-7. If you were the farmer, what would
you pay these people who started 6, 9 and 11 hours late?
- Read Matthew 20:8-12. Do you agree with the complaint
raised by those who came to work early and worked all day?
They had worked 12 hours, versus 1 hour (for those last
- Read Matthew 20:13-15. Is the farmer right? (Yes, since
the early people agreed to their wages.)
- The Bible story ends after only one day. Let's
continue the story to day two. The next morning the
farmer comes to town bright and early to find
workers. Will he find any? (No.)
- Why not? (They will all be waiting to go to work
(v.9) "about the eleventh hour.")
- Is there any doubt in your mind about what would
happen if this farmer's pay practices became
- What, then, is Jesus' point? How does this get
applied to real life? What does this say about
ambition and hard work?
- Let's look at another story in Matthew 20. Read Matthew
20:20-21. Is this what your mother wants for you?
- Is this what you want for yourself? (Of course. You
want to be rich and important.)
- Read Matthew 20:22. What did Jesus mean when He spoke of
"drinking the cup?" (He was speaking of His upcoming
torture and death. See Matthew 26:39 and the context of
Jesus' answer here: Matthew 20:17-19)
- Who is answering here: Mom or the sons? (The sons.)
- Was this just "Mom's idea" and the two sons are
a little embarrassed about it? (No. This shows
they were all in on it.)
- Let's skip down and read Matthew 20:24. Why are the rest
of the disciples "indignant?" (Two reasons. They want to
be the most important people in the coming kingdom of
Jesus. Second, they are upset they did not think to get
their mothers to suggest this to Jesus.)
- Read Matthew 20:23. We just got through discussing the
story of the farmer. This seems to be the wrong answer
based on the farmer story. What should have been the
answer if you are just going by the farmer story? (The
farmer story teaches us that no one gets ranked higher
than anyone else. All get the same pay and honor-only the
amount of work varies.)
- So, how do you explain Jesus' answer here? Why will
people get "ranked" by the Father? (These are both
"kingdom" stories, but they are about much different
things. The "farmer story" alerts us in the very
first verse ( Matthew 20:1) that we are not learning a
lesson in economics from Jesus. This is about
salvation - how we enter the kingdom of heaven. The
point is that we cannot earn our way into heaven by
the amount of our work. We only "earn" our way by
answering the call of God. That is why I was leading
you down the "garden path" when I suggested a "day
two." On the other hand, in the "mom and sons" story,
mom and sons are thinking about real, live, promotion
to positions of authority.)
- Read Matthew 20:25-28. When Jesus answered mom and the
sons, He was speaking of heaven and they were thinking of
positions in an earthly kingdom. Jesus knew this, and now
He switches to speaking about earthly rulers. What is
wrong with the way the "rulers of the Gentiles" operate?
- Read Romans 13:1-2. Is there something wrong with the
"Gentile plan?" (No. Paul tells us that God
instituted governmental systems of authority here on
- Then how do you explain Jesus' "servant leader"
command? (Jesus teaches us to follow His example. To
save us, He gave up His life for us. He temporarily
gave up his own interests for eternal interests.
Jesus is not saying that an authority system is wrong
or that such a system will not exist in heaven. He is
simply saying that this earth is not our goal.
Instead, the goal is heaven and to promote that goal
we need to be working on serving others and not just
- Previously, we skipped over the "punch-line" on the farmer
story. Read Matthew 20:16. How does this line fit into
what we have just discussed? (Those who put others first
here on earth, will have a suitable ranking in heaven.
Self-sacrifice here means a position of authority in
- If I told you to pursue your own self-interests, be
ambitious, what would you do in light of what we just
learned? (The texts seem to teach us that if we serve
others here on earth (we are "last"), then we will be
"first" in heaven.)
- Three questions before we move on:
- First, isn't our conclusion at odds with the
basic line of the farmer story? If we conclude
that the extent of our service here affects our
"pay" (position) in heaven, isn't that
conclusion completely contrary to the point of
- Second, how is verse 16 a proper conclusion to
the farmer story? Since the farmer pays whatever
he wants to all but the earliest workers,
wouldn't verse 16 more appropriately say, "So,
unless you have a contract, the generous farmer
pays whatever he feels like paying." Do you
think verse 16 would more appropriately be
placed after verse 28?
- Do you think Jesus' focus on serving others has
anything to do with the origin of sin being
Satan's ambition to exalt himself? (See Isaiah
- Sharing Your Stuff
- Let's explore next what obligation, if any, we have to
serve others with our stuff. Read Luke 3:7-9. What point
were the "vipers" missing? (John is talking with them
about deeds. He asks them to "produce fruit in keeping
with repentance." Their actions did not show they had a
right relationship with God.)
- Read Luke 3:10-11. What does John suggest is the right
thing to do? Does this suggestion surprise you?
- Read Luke 3:12-14. Does the instruction to the tax
collectors and the soldiers surprise you? (No. This seems
to be basic honesty. Don't collect more than what is due
and do not lie or cheat.)
- Let's go back to verse 11. The two tunic guy has not lied
or cheated to get his tunics. He earned them by hard work
while the "no-tunic" guy could be your basic lazy bum. Is
John's direction appropriate?
- If you say, "yes," why?
- Read Luke 6:30. What does Jesus say about giving not just
to those who ask, but to the lazy, thieving bum who steals
- Would you say that Jesus and John the Baptist share the
same point of view on giving away your stuff?
- Let's read what Paul says about this. Read 1 Timothy 5:5-7, 9-13. How would you summarize Paul's advice for helping
poor Christian widows? (Paul limits help to those who
- Assume that Jesus, John the Baptist and Paul are on
the same church charity committee. Would they share
the same opinion? Would they agree?
- Read Leviticus 23:22. What do you see as the important
points of the Old Testament system of caring for the poor?
- Does this system sound more like Paul than like Jesus
and John? (I see the Old Testament system of caring
for the poor to be consistent with Paul's view. An
important feature of gleaning was that the poor were
actively involved in helping themselves. Although
they did not pay for the food, they did do some work
for it. The lazy and worthless were not given a
handout. (See also, Romans 15:26 and Deuteronomy
- Paul and the Old Testament gleaning system require merit
and work from the poor as a condition of help. This seems
at odds with John and Jesus who say help those who are in
need, and even let them steal from you. Can you reconcile
these apparently different views? (I start out with the
view that all of the Bible is God's word and it is all
correct. Our goal, then, is to reconcile these inspired
words. American judges reconcile apparently conflicting
laws with the rule that the more specific law controls
over the general. Both Paul's instructions about helping
widows and the Old Testament's instructions on helping the
poor are very specific. Thus, when John says share your
clothes and your food, and Jesus says help those who ask,
these general instructions to help the poor may be
properly understood in the light of the more specific
instructions to intelligently help those in need.
"Selfless service" means to help others, but to make wise
judgments on who we help and when we help them.)
- Friend, how is your heart? Do you work just to make
yourself better? Or, do you help others - even those who
cannot repay you? Will you ask God to give you an
unselfish, intelligent, spirit?
- Next Week: Living the Life of Faith.
* Copr. 2003, Bruce N. Cameron, J.D. All scripture references are to the New International Version (NIV), copr. 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society, unless otherwise noted. Quotations from the NIV are used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers. Suggested answers are found within parentheses. The lesson assumes the teacher uses a blackboard or some other visual aid.